The Many Roles of the HR Department: A Brief Overview

The HR department plays a critical role indeed. As we know, employees are an important asset of the company and the HRD team is the party responsible for managing them. When a company has few employees, company leaders will usually feel they can manage and understand the people they employ. However, as the business grows, leaders will find it increasingly difficult to manage employees and do not have time to deal with employee recruitment issues on a daily basis. That’s why HRD team is needed.

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What is HR?

HRD stands for Human Resource Development. So, the definition of HRD is the department or division of the company that is responsible for managing Human Resources (HR) or the employees who work in it.

These HR professionals will ensure that all employees have everything they need to work. In addition, they are also responsible for increasing employee productivity, creating a healthy work environment, and increasing employee engagement. In this way, the company can attract more potential employees and get higher employee retention.

Usually, the HRD structure will be structured based on the size of the company. For example, in a small company with around 100 employees, the HRD structure will usually have an HR Director or HR manager who will control HR specialists and recruiting coordinators. As for large companies with up to 1000 employees, the HRD structure will be led by the Chief Human Resources Officer (CHRO).

Why does the HRD play a Critical Role?

HRD has an important role in the company. In addition, the HRD profession will also continue to be in demand in the future, especially the Covid-19 pandemic that has lasted for several years has forced many companies to implement modern work systems such as WFH (Work From Home).

With HRD, the company will be more helpful in evaluating company policies from time to time. HRD will also help manage employees who work remotely as the WFH system is predicted to become increasingly popular after the pandemic ends.

Broadly speaking, there are several reasons why HRD is considered to have an important role in a company. Some of them such as:

1. HRD helps to get quality employees

As many people already know, HRD has a duty to recruit employees. They will ensure that the company they work for has enough employees to run their business. Not only that, HRD will also help ensure that the employees they recruit have quality skills so that they can encourage company productivity.

2. HRD helps develop competent employees

HRD can also help companies develop the skills of their competent employees. They can conduct training to hone the skills needed to complete employee tasks.

3. HRD helps build good relationships with employees

HRD can be the party that bridges communication between the company and employees. Companies can more easily understand their employees with the help of the HRD team. On the other hand, the HRD team will also help convey information related to company policies clearly. This can help foster trust between the company and its employees.

4. HRD helps maintain employee productivity

In addition to providing training that can increase employee productivity, the HRD team will also assist the company in monitoring the performance of its employees. Thus, employee productivity will be maintained properly.

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5. HRD helps increase job satisfaction for employees

With the various efforts made by the HRD team, employees will become more competent and motivated to work in the company. They can also work in a positive work environment so that job satisfaction can be obtained.

What are the duties of the HRD?

In general, the task of HRD in various companies is to manage the employee life cycle, starting from recruiting candidates, hiring employees in the company, to managing the process of terminating employment with employees. So that you can better understand what HRD is, here are the main tasks they perform.

1. Recruiting candidates

HRD needs to understand the employees the company needs and ensure that those needs are met quickly. In addition, they are also required to ensure that the employees recruited have good personalities and quality skills. While performing this task, the HRD team will develop and implement recruitment procedures ranging from screening candidate CVs, conducting tests, interviews, to the job offer process.

2. Hiring employees

After finding a suitable candidate with qualifications, the HRD team will manage the new employee orientation process and welcome the employee to the company. The HRD team will be responsible for providing various tools or equipment needed by employees to work. They are also obliged to explain the company’s policy towards the new employee.

3. Employee performance management (Performance management)

Performance management and managing training for employee development are HRD’s next tasks. Most employees have their own skills that can still be developed. By performing performance management, the company can ensure that all employees have the skills needed to work optimally. In addition, good performance management will also have a positive effect on employee engagement, employee productivity, and reduce employee absenteeism.

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